Batangas Tagalog also known as Batangan is a dialect of the Tagalog language spoken primarily in the province of Batangas and the island of Mindoro ("Batangueño/a" refers to the natives). The dialect is distinctively characterized by a very strong accent and its vocabulary is more closely related to ancient or old-style Tagalog. It is not customary in colloquial Batangan to speak in Taglish or to infuse English terms as the custom is with Manila Tagalog.

Grammar
The most recognisable difference is the use of the passive past tense (in Standard Filipino) in place of the present progressive. In Manila, this is done by inserting the infix -um- after the first syllable then by repeating the first syllable.

Example 1:
root word: kain (to eat)
ka-in (syllabication)
k-um-a-ka-in (eating)

Example 2:
root word: tawag (to call)
ta-wag (syllabication)
t-um-a-ta-wag (calling)

In the Batangan dialect however, this form is done by putting the prefix na- to the word.

Example 1:
root word: kain (to eat)
ka-in (syllabication)
nakain (eating)

Example 2:
root word: tawag (to call)
ta-wag (syllabication)
natawag (calling)

This conjugation of the verb is becomes funny because as what was mentioned above, this would mean the passive past to Manileños. When someone asks 'Nasaan si Pedro?' (Where is Peter?), one would promtly answer 'Nakain ng isda!', which translates to 'He's eating a fish!'. However, to those unfamiliar with this kind of usage, the statement could easily be taken to mean 'He was eaten by a fish!' (Just imagine how big a fish it is). However, a Batangueño can distinguish between the two seemingly identical forms.

Morphology
Another undeniable character of the Batangan Tagalog isa the use of the verb ending '-si' instead of '-na', especially in the command form. This only happens when the verb stands alone in a sentence or when the verb is the last word in the phrase. However, when another word is put after it, Batanguños would never to the use of the '-an' form.

Example 1:
Person A: May nakatok ho sa pinto [Someone is knocking at the door (said politely, as the polite marker 'ho' is used)].
Person B: Aba'y, buksi! (Then open it!)

However:
Person A: May nakatok ho sa pinto (Someone is knocking at the door).
Person B: Aba'y, buksan mo! (Then open it!)

One could also notice the use of the absolute degree of an adjective, something that is not heard anywhere else. It is roughly the equivalent to the use of 'issimo' or 'issima' in the Spanish and Italian Languages, something absent in the other Dialects. This is done by putting the pagka- in front of the word.

Example 1:
Pagkaganda pala ng anak ng mag-asawang are ah!
The child of this couple is indeed beautiful!

Example 2:
Pagkatagal mo ba.
You move so slow.

One noticeable characteristic of the Batangan Dialect is the use of the dual number for pronouns. Although this hasn't completely disappeared in some other areas, this form is almost never used in the Manila dialect.

Example 1:
(Batangan Tagalog) Kita na! (Let's go!)
(Manila Tagalog) Tayo na! (Let's go! lit. Let us...)

Example 2:
(Batangan Tagalog) Buksan mo nga ang telebisyon nata. (Please turn our telly on.)
(Manila Tagalog) Buksan mo nga ang telebisyon natin.

This grammar structure is a remnant of the ancient Tagalog grammar that went on with very little change in the province for centuries.

Also, intonations more often than not tend to rise, especially to express extreme emotions.

Phonology
Another noticeable difference is the usage of the closed syllable, a practice that has completely disappeared in the Manila dialect. The town of Tanauan is actually pronounced [tan-'a-wan] whereas it would be pronounced as [ta-'na-wan] by other Tagalogs. This is also true with words like matamis, pronounced matam-is and a couple of other more words.

Also, as mentioned above, the dialect spoken in Batangas is more closely related to the ancient Tagalog. Thus the merger of the phonemes [e] and [i] and the phonemes [o] and [u] are prevalent. Also, absent in other dialects is the use of the schwa sound. This incident is common simply because the dialect spoken in the province is spoken faster compared to other dialects.

Something prevalent in the Batangan dialect that is lacking in other Dialects is the sound [ei] and [ow]. However, unlike its English counterpart, this diphthong is sounded mainly on the first vowel and very rapidly only on the second. This is very similar to the [e] in the Spanish word educaciòn and the first [o] in the Italian word Antonio.

And as a proof that the Batangan Dialect is closer to the Old Tagalog than any other dialects, the practice of merging the phonemes /e/ and /i/, as well as /o/ and /u/, are still very noticeable. One can hear the words 'lola' (grandmother) pronounced as if written 'lula'. This is also true with the word 'baboy' (swine), which is pronounced 'babuy'. However, everyone will tell you that you misspelled the words when you use the latter in writing.

Vocabulary
Locative adjectives are ire or are (this) and rine or dine (here).

Vocabulary is also divergent. The Batangueño dialect has several translations for the word 'slip' (fall), depending upon -how- a person falls. He may have nadulas (simply slipped), nagtingkuro (lost his balance), or worse, nagsungaba (fallen on his face.)

People from Manila may ask why a student comes home before the scheduled time, when the teachers have earlier announced that they would have to go to school. The student will just answer, May pasok, pero walang klase. This simply means that the student would have to go to school to have his or her attendance checked, but there is really no class in session.

To the confusion of other Tagalog speakers, the Batangueños also use the phrase, 'Hindi po ako nagyayabang!' to mean 'I am not telling a lie!', whereas Manileños would simply say 'Hindi po ako nagsisinungaling!'. For them, the former statement means, 'I am not bragging!'

A panday is a handyman in Batangas whereas it means a smith in Manila. An apaw is "mute" ("overflow" in Manila; mute is pipi). La-ang is equivalent to lamang (only) in Manila. And when they don't believe you, they would exclaim 'anlaa!' which is roughly a shorter translation of wala iyan (that's nothing/false) in Manila Tagalog.

For more of the Batangas vocabulary you could refer to http://ibaan.net/kwento_ni_lolo.php?kwento=4

The Batangas dialect is also known for the particle eh. While the incidence of its usage is noticeable throughout the province, some variations exists like ala eh. In reality, this particle has no meaning in itself, often added only for emphasis on certain statements. Its closest equivalent in English is sometimes the conversational context of "Well,...". In other cases however, it can show that the proceeding is the cause of something, much as the word kasi would be used.

The Respectful Language
The Batangueños, like other people in the Southeast Asia deem it appropriate to always show respect to everyone. Like the Japanese, they value honor and place it at a very high position. This is shown by the fact that the Batangueños have a special form of language to show this respect.

Though it has largely disappeared in the Manila usage, the Batanguños still use the plural forms of the pronouns to show politeness. This is comparable to the use of the singular 'vous' in French and the singular 'Sie' in German. Normally, this is used to show respect to one who has authority either by age or by position. But unlike French speakers, the Batangueños have a choice either to use to second-person plural or third-person plural to show this respect, similar to the Italian lei meaning "she" but used as "you" in formal/polite situations.

Example 1:
Case: Someone is knocking at the door and you want to know who the person is --
[Manila Tagalog] Sino iyan?
[Batangan Tagalog] Sino ho sila? (which translates to 'Who are they?')

Example 2:
Case: You came to pass an older person who is family friend... The greeting will normally be---
[Manila Tagalog] 'Kumusta na po?' (wherein the particle po is the signifier of respect)
[Batangan Tagalog] 'Kumusta na ho kayo?' or 'Kumusta na po sila?' (wherein 'kayo' and 'sila' are the plural second and third person personal pronouns, respectively.

But the use of the plurals is not limited to those of lower ranks. Those of authority is also expected to use this pluralisation, this time by using the first person plural inclusive 'Tayo', which functions like the Royal We. The Batangueños use the inclusive form of the pronoun and not just the plural form.

This usage is very common for government officials or those who are deemed to handle an important prepsition over a certain territory like a priest or a bishop.

This form is also used by doctors or nurses when talking to patients. Rarely will a doctor from the province ask some how is he feeling. Rather, he will ask them How are we feeling?'

6 comments

  1. Anonymous  

    May 10, 2008 at 12:14 PM

    Eh, ang pagkaganda naman ng pagkapagpaliwanag nire. Ay maaalman mo ng maliwanag ang paggamit ng Batanggenyong Tagalog...

    -tgm

  2. Taal Tagalog  

    November 3, 2008 at 9:44 PM

    Batangas Tagalog is the original and center of Tagalog language

    http://philreview.blogspot.com/2008/07/tagalog-origin.html

  3. Anonymous  

    March 19, 2009 at 7:15 PM

    Napakarikit nga ahoy ang pagkapaliwanag ng tungkol sa salitang Batangas. Naaala-ala ko nga ang sabi ng Mamay na napakalawak raw ang bukabularyo ng mga Batanggenyo dahil alam nila ang lahat na salitang Tagalog na ang iba ay hindi alam ng hindi Batanggenyo, tulad ng:
    -Gaano ga iyan? (Magkano ba 'yan?)
    -May natuktok! (May kumakatok!)
    -Utoy, utoy, ikaw ga'y nagminindal na? (Iho, ikaw ba'y nagmerienda na?)
    -Ka Kulas, Ka Kulas, ang inyo hong buwik ay nakaalpas! (Mang Kulas, ang inyo hong biik ay nakawala!)
    -Siya'y natikasan ng hindi niya naririparo. (Siya'y nadukutan ng hindi niya nalalaman.)
    -Ang kwartamonida niya ay nalipol. (Ang pitaka niya ay nawawala.)

  4. Katagalugan  

    September 30, 2009 at 12:00 AM

    Nung dumating ang mga Kastila sa Pilipinas, ang dialektong Batangan ang katugma ng sinaunang Tagalog na wala pang halong salitang Kapampangan, Ingles at Kastila. Base sa sensus na isinagawa ni Miguel de Loarca noong 1583, ang salita sa Tondo at Bulacan ay katulad ng salita sa Pampanga. Isinulat din ni Jose Villa Panganiban (Institute of National Language Commissioner) na ang guhit na naghahati sa pagitan ng Kapampangan at Tagalog ay ang Ilog Pasig. Ang salitang Tundo ay nagmula sa Kapampangang salita na ibig sabihin ay “inaantok” at maraming lugar sa Bulacan ngayon ang may pangalang Kapampangan. Kung iyong mapapansin ay may kahalintulad ang puntong Bulacan at Kapampangan na nagsasalita ng Tagalog. Malaki ang naging impluwensya ng lengguwaheng Sambal at Kapampangan sa pagbago ng sinaunang Tagalog ng Batangas sa mga lugar ng Aurora, Maynila, Bulacan, Bataan, Nueva Ecija, at Rizal.

    Ang pinakaunang tulang Tagalog, ang karagatan at duplo ay nagmula sa Batangas. Ito ang nagsilang sa balagtasan noong panahon ng mga Amerikano. Sa katunayan noong 1925, sina Rosa Sevilla, Florentino Collantes (isang batikan ng ‘duplo’), José Corazón de Jesús at iba pang grupo ng mga manunulat ng Tagalog sa Maynila ay nagdesisyong palitan ang tradisyunal na duplo ng Batangas at pinangalanan itong ‘balagtasan’ para sa pagkilala kay Francisco Balagtas. Dito nagsimula ang pananaw ng mga taga-Maynila sa tunay na Tagalog dahil sa pagsulpot ng mga makata mula sa Gitnang Luzon.

    Ang mga Kastila ang nagbago ng pagbigkas natin ng Tagalog, tulad ng pagbanggit nila sa mga salitang tamis at tanaw. Ang mga sinaunang Tagalog noon ang tawag sa mga ito ay tam-is at tan-aw, na kahalintulad ng pagbigkas ng mga Batanggenyo ngayon. Ang salitang Batanggenyo ay hindi isang dialekto, kundi isang orihinal na Tagalog na pinagmulan ng dialektong Marinduque, Bulacan at Maynila. Sa pagdaan ng panahon at naging moderno na ang Tagalog sa pagsanib ng salitang Ingles at Kastila at kalaunan ay naging Filipino sa pagsanib naman ng ibang lengguwahe mula sa ibang panig ng Pilipinas (halimbawa: tulad ng salitang ‘manong’), ang Batangan ay naging isang dialekto na laang.

    Ang sinaunang Tagalog ay sinusulat gamit ang alpabetong Baybayin. Ang sistemang ito ay naiiba sa sistemang LCI dahil ito iyong panahon na hindi pa nabubuo ang Tagalog. Ang mga pagsulat ay binubuo lamang ng dalawang klase: P and KP (P=patinig, K=katinig), samantalang ang pagbigkas ay limitado sa P, KP, PK, at KPK. Ang salitang Tagalog ay walang kumpol na KKPK. Halimbawa, hindi akmang Tagalog noon ang ‘dyan’ at ang tamang pagbigkas dito ay ‘diyan’ na karaniwang binibigkas ng mga taga-Timog Katagalugan. Noong 1787, binanggit ng Kastilang si Gaspar de San Agustin na ang baybayin ng mga Tagalog ay sinusulat pa rin sa Batangas noong panahong karamihan sa mga ibang Tagalog ay hindi na ito ginagamit. Isang halimbawa ng mas sinaunang baybayin ng mga Tagalog ay natagpuan sa Calatagan.

    Ang dialektong Tagalog sa Gitnang Luzon ay hindi malalim kundi ito ay mabulaklak laang. Naiintindihan karamihan ng mga taga-Timog Katagalugan ang dialektong Tagalog ng Gitnang Luzon pero bibihira sa kanila ang makaintindi sa mga Timog Katagalugan. Kung naging kabisera ng Pilipinas ang parteng Timog Katagalugan ay iba ang karaniwang Tagalog ng karamihan ngayon. Kung iyong mapapansin, matatagpuan ang Batangas sa kalagitnaan ng mga probinsyang Tagalog at nararapat na tawagin ang Timog Katagalugan na Gitnang Katagalugan imbes na Kamaynilaan dahil ang Metro Manila ay sentro ng lenggwaheng Filipino, hindi ng lumang Katagalugan.

    References:
    http://books.google.com.ph/books?id=PTIOAAAAIAAJ&printsec=frontcover&hl=en
    http://ia331334.us.archive.org/1/items/thephilippineisl16501gut/16501-h/16501-h.htm

  5. Anonymous  

    October 1, 2009 at 6:54 AM

    ang mga salitang ss.

    takla=tae
    talang= mabolo o kamagong
    antak=ari ng babae
    liyu=hilo

    ay ilan lamang sa mga salita mula sa matandandang batangenyo na ''common'' o ginagamit din ng mga kapampangan. suggesting na ang tagalog at kapampangan ay magkapatid na lahi bagaman pinaghiwalay ng herograpiya ay may pagkakahalintulad....

    maliban dito, malawak ang saklwa ng salitang batanganin...at hindi maaring igeneralize o saklawin na parepareho ang terminolohiya o termino na ginagamit sa buong lalawigan...
    halimbawa ba o ga ang gamitin sa parteng nasugbu, ga o baga sa parteng tanauan, at ga sa parteng pailaya hanggang taal,,,,

    halimbawa
    tahol ng aso=takin, batok
    tuyo=hawottuta=bilot
    lolo=mamay
    lola=nanay
    mangkok=sulyaw
    kutsara=silok
    tansan=tapon
    at marami pang iba

    malawak din ang impluwensiya ng salitang batanganin lalo na sa karatig bayan ng quezon...sa bayan ng dolores, tiaong , candelaria at sariaya ay puntong batanganin maging ang mga terminolohiya ay hango sa batngan

    ang mga karatig bayang alaminos at san pablo sa laguna ay kakikitaan din ng impluwensiyang batangas sa salita at pagbigkas...itoy dahil naring ang mga nasabing bayan ay dating sakop o teritoryo ng lalawigan ng batangas....naipapkita rito na bagaman nasa loob ito ng teritoryo ng laguna ay iba ang mga bayang ito ...ang mga mamyan sa bayang ito ay mga inapo ng mga sinaunang batangenyo. kung magiging mapanuri bagaman katabing bayan lamang ang laguna ay iba ang punto ng mga taga labak o yaong nasa baybay lawa ng laguna ...ang punto ng mga ito ay malambot at hindi matapang di gaya ng mga taga itaas...o yaong mga taga parteng san pablo

    ang pateng ibabaw ng bae yaong parteng bitin at ulila ay mga inapo ng mga batangasin maging sa parteng calauan ay may bahid batanganin sa salita....

    ang salitang batanganin ay isang malawk na salita na di maaring igeneralize base sa geographical location....hindi tahasang masasabi na hindi porke nasa loob ka ng batangas ay parepareho na kayo ng mga termino o lambot o tigas ng punto o pagbigkas....napaka diverse ng salitang batanganin....ito ay isang espesyal na salita...na maaring ginamit ng ating mga nuno upang ipabatid ang ating pagkakaiba sa ating mga kapitbahay...

  6. Anonymous  

    July 18, 2010 at 1:43 AM

    Nais kong ipabatid na ang Tagalog ay napakalayo sa salitang Kapampangan. Ang pinakamalapit na kamag-anak ng Tagalog ay ang Kinaray-a ng Antique at Tausug ng Sulu. Ipinapakita lang na nagmula ang Tagalog sa Katimugan at hindi sa Hilaga.


Batangas Dictionary